Understanding the Functions and Types of Retaining Walls
Retaining wall is the outer wall has a function as a sloping wall so that his condition continues to be stable and not protected from landslides or erosion. Retaining wall is often applied on sloping ground condition or has a different elevation levels.
But if applied properly retaining wall could be an addition to the appeal of the building. There are even people who are interested in making this element to create a garden decoration but should not forget its main function.
When viewed from the classification, there are three types of retaining wall or a retaining wall. The first is a kind of gravity, ie retaining wall that makes the weights or weight of the material as well as the materials used as the main element to support the weight of the soil. Materials commonly used are stone gabion or often also called gabion.
The second is retaining gravity. In addition to making the weight of the material as the main load-bearing, heavy soil detained also serves to keep the structure to remain stable and unchanged and decline. While retaining the third is non gravity, prefers the concept of making the construction and material strength to keep the ground remains stable.
Then when seen from the material or materials used to make it, according to bintanghome retaining wall can be divided into several types. The first is the retaining wall of concrete. The surplus was stronger than the weight of the soil but the shape is too modest and simple.
If you want to make it looks more attractive, this can be done by covering the concrete with natural stone and make it as a decorative wall. But of course this concept needs a bigger budget because the manufacture of concrete itself takes a considerable budget.
The second is the use of materials from wood. The use of this material can only be applied to areas or locations that were smaller and not too high. Because the strength of wood is not so good compared with concrete. In order to better hold the load application system should be fitted with beams in its construction.
And that certainly is, the quality of wood used should be absolutely assured and able to deal with climate change. And that should not be forgotten, when created should be given a coating of mold and mildew and anti water so that the process can be avoided maximal. The use of this material more suitable applied to the building which also uses wood as its main element.
The third is the retaining wall of the paving blocks. Now the use of paving blocks to create retaining walls or retaining wall increasingly favored by many people because the system application is very easy to do. Because the material is made with a standard size and has a form that is always precise and symmetrical so that the installation process can be done easily.
If the size of the wall is quite big and tall as well as the volume of soil to be retained more numerous and heavy in weight, the installation of paving blocks must be completed construction and adhesives. But if only a relatively small, the use of adhesives is not required. But for construction should still be made even simpler concept.
Recently ie retaining wall of natural stone. The use of this material could make a retaining wall look more beautiful and feel of their natural character and getting stronger. Retaining of natural stone is very suitable applied in buildings that use tropical architectural style.
It should be considered when making is, application systems must be considered carefully because the size of the stones vary. So the arrangement of the stones should still be able to make the surface of the walls still look flat and not bumpy. The stone should be attached with plaster of cement so it would hold weight.